Tuesday, 27 January 2015

101 Uses for H2O

A couple of weeks ago you saw that man could make many wonderous things out of concrete (101 Uses for Concrete), this week we have an array of photos showing you mans creative forces expressed through the medium of H2O.

Industrial Applications:
Cutting tools have traditionally been made of harder-than-steel materials (such as diamond tipped drill bits, disc cutters and the like), but advances in recent years have seen the rise of not only laser based cutting tools that you'd expect to see in a sci-fi film, but also water jet cutting tools.

Waterjet CNC cutting machine.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_jet_cutter)

A 5-Axis Waterjet Cutting Head
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_jet_cutter)

The above photos showed water being used to cut steel in a factory environment, the video below shows water being used to cut concrete in an urban environment in a process called hydrodemolition. It's an alternative to pneumatic drills/jackhammers.

Military Applications:
A bomb disposal system known as the 'Boot Banger' is used by the military to destroy car-bombs/IEDs.  It uses a shaped explosive charge to propel water at super-sonic speeds into an IED.  The IED is destroyed in the process by the force of the water hitting it.
The Boot Banger™ uses a patented technology for producing a shaped charge using sheet explosive or detonating cord as the propellant and water as the projectile.
(Source: http://www.seymourjohnson.af.mil/photos/mediagallery.asp?galleryID=1838&?id=-1&page=61&count=24

In the next photo you can see some H2O being used to absorb the gases ejected from an AT4-CS anti-tank rocket launcher.  This innovation has enabled AT4 operators to fire rockets in enclosed spaces where other RPGs/bazookas cannot be fired safely.  (The acronym AT4-CS stands for 'Anti-Tank 4, Confined Space').
AT4-CS launching in a confined space.
(Source: http://defense-update.com/20110428_at4_sale.html)

As well as the obvious method of travelling on or through water, water can also be mixed with sawdust to form a substance called pykrete and then frozen in a particular shape to make a boat or ship.  The inventor of pykrete dreamed of making aircraft carriers out of the stuff.
A functioning canoe made out of 14% sawdust and 86% ice: pykrete.
(Source: http://www.blackheartgoldpants.com/2013/8/20/4639566/hamsterdam-is-building-a-pykrete-canoe)

Down in Antarctica an ice pier has been constructed to enable freight ships to unload their cargos.
Coast Guard Cutter Polar Star moored at the ice pier in McMurdo, Antarctica Jan. 24, 2014.
U.S. Coast Guard photo by Lt.j.g. Paul Garcia.
(Source: http://www.uscgnews.com/go/doc/4007/2087922/U-S-Icebreaking-cutter-completes-resupply-of-McMurdo-Antarctica-)

Ice hotels, ice restaurants, ice bars and other leisure buildings are taking off around the world (even in Abu Dhabi).
An ice hotel & church in Sweden.
(Source: http://www.aroundtheworld.org/sweden/ice-hotel-church)

The Absolut Ice Bar in Copenhagen, and yes, that is exactly what it sounds like…a bar made of ice.
(Source: https://abweinbe.wordpress.com/2008/09/10/tonight-chillin-tomorrow-chillin-in-ice/)

An ice restaurant in...
(Source: https://dante789.wordpress.com/2011/03/28/the-5-most-unique-restaurants-in-the-world/)

Spending your vacations in an ice hotel may be a novelty if you live most of your life in mudbrick or glass-steel surroundings, but for the eskimos/inuits ice was used to build igloos because it was the only material around.

Eskimo outside an igloo.
(Source: http://www.bolgernow.com/blog/?p=2472

Cooking Applications:
On to territory that all of you are familiar with, using water as a medium to cook foodstuffs.  Below we have an industrial scale steam oven (it's 3 metres tall), that can be yours for the low low price of £53,200!

BZX series cooking houses can be used for cooking foods like rice and noodles, as well as meat.
(Source: http://www.foodmc.co.uk/Products/300-bzx-iii-800-kg-capacity-steam-cooker.aspx)

From industrial scale steam cooking to residential scale steam cooking, here are some steam cooking utensils that use the same principle but on a much smaller scale.
Two types of steaming vessels, metal and bamboo.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steaming)

Cleaning Applications:
The Romans in the ancient world, Russians and Finns in the Medieval world used public-baths/banya/sauna to keep themselves clean (Catholics however looked down on bathing in Europe, hence the notion of the dirty medieval peasants).  Steam cleaning technology has grown beyond buildings filled with steam, and expanded like a hot gas to fill many areas of the market. There are steam cleaning products designed for all kinds of situations and purposes: domestic or industrial, clothes or hard-surfaces, people or inanimate objects.  The bonus of steam cleaners over traditional cleaners is that steam cleaners don't need chemicals, and all the baggage that comes with un-necessary chemical use (allergies, waste disposal, pollution etc).

A modern day Russian Banya.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banya_(sauna))

Thane Direct H2O X5 Steam Mop. 5-in-1 Steam Cleaning Mop.
(Source: http://media.therange.co.uk/pws/client/images/catalogue/products/619451/large/619451.jpg

 An industrial steam cleaner designed and built for large-scale commercial and industrial environments.
(Source: http://www.erento.co.uk/hire/tools-equipment/cleaning-technology/steam-cleaner/3539474331.html

And there we have it, just a small sample of man's immense create capacity using nothing more than plain ol' water.

P.S.  Yes, if you're counting, it was only 16 uses instead of 101.  Head over to the wikipedia page on water if you want to find out more applications including the more conventional methods like farming, drinking etc.


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